Carob is one of the oldest plants in the planet earth of (Cerotonia siliqua.L.) group. Carob was found among the burned plant leftovers around where Vesuvius volcano destroyed in 79 BC. It is such a valuable fruit that it is rumored that John Prophet ate this fruit in the desert and kept on living. Carob is a typical fruit of the regions with Mediterranean climate. CAROB tree is a fruit tree sensitive to low temperatures, always green and of legume family. This tree can grow without being under any culture and without requiring any chemical material; it gives its first fruit when 5-10 and reaches economical life in 10-15 years. Every year, it can increase fruit amount and quality and reach 15 meters high in fifty years.
Its fruits start to grow in May and mature in June-July. Fruit color turns to green to brown after maturing. Mature fruits start to be harvested in September and depending upon seasonal conditions continue until November-December.